Netherlands - Spiders & Alike

On this page you will find pictures of all kind of spiders and alike, photographed by me in the Netherlands.

You can scroll down to see all photo's or you can click on the underlined English name in the list (link) to see the respective photo.

  1. Mummy Wolf Spider - Zwartstaartboswolfspin
  2. Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp. - Strekspin sp.
  3. Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp. - Strekspin sp.
  4. Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp. - Strekspin sp.
  5. Wasp Spider - Wespenspin
  6. Nursery Web Spider sp. - Kraamwebspin
  7. Bridge Spider - Brugspin
  8. Furrow Orb Weaver - Rietkruisspin  
  1. European Garden Spider - Kruisspin
  2. Marbled Orb Weaver - Marmerspin
  3. Silver-sided Sector Spider - Venstersectorspin
  4. Lace Webbed Spider sp. - Kaardespin sp.
  5. Red Harvestman - Rode Hooiwagen
  6. Fencepost Jumper - Schorsmarpissa
  7. Common Spitting Spider - Getijgerde Lijmspuiter
  8. Castor Bean Tick - Schapenteek

Mummy Wolf Spider
Zwartstaartboswolfspin (Pardosa lugubris)
In my Yard, Hilversum
19 May 2013

Males are black with a grey/white median stripe. The female is brown with a light brown median stripe.
It is a small spider (5 to 7 mm) which occurs in great numbers on the leaf litter of deciduous woodlands all over Europe.
Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp.
Strekspin sp. (Tetragnatha sp.)
Zanderij Crailo, Hilversum
22 June 2013

Tetragnatha is a genus of spiders containing hundreds of species. They are found all over the world, although most occur in the tropics and subtropics. They are commonly called stretch spiders, referring to their elongated body form. When disturbed they
will stretch their front legs forward and the others in the other direction, thus being able to hide on blades of grass or similar elongated substrates. They are able to run over water.
Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp.
Strekspin sp. (Tetragnatha sp.)
Naardermeer, Naarden
5 June 2014

Long-jawed Orb Weaver sp.
Strekspin sp. (Metellina sp.)
Zanderij Crailo, Hilversum
29 August 2013

This is either Metellina segmentata or Metellina mengei. It is impossible to identify the species from a photo.

Wasp Spider
Wespenspin (Argiope bruennichi)
Laarder Wasmeer, Laren
9 August 2014

The adult female (14 - 17 mm) is much larger than the male (4 - 6 mm). This spider builds a spiral orb web, commonly in long grass a little above ground level. When a prey item is first caught in the web, Argiope bruennichi will quickly immobilise its prey by wrapping it in silk. The prey is then bitten and then injected with a paralysing venom and a protein dissolving enzyme.

Nursery Web Spider sp.
Kraamwebspin (Pisaura mirabilis)
Sarsven/De Banen, Nederweert
7 May 2012

Females are up to 15mm in size, males up to 13mm.
Males of this species offer food gifts to potential female mates. Males sometime feign death, remaining still while holding the food gift in their mouths. When the female approaches and tries to take the food away, the male springs back to life and attempts to mate.

Bridge Spider
Brugspin (Larinioides sclopetarius)
Harderwijk
21 November 2009

This is a relatively large orb-weaver spider that is often found on bridges, especially near light and over water.
The species tends to live on steel objects and is seldom seen on vegetation.
It is widespread in western and central Europe.

Furrow Orb Weaver
Rietkruisspin
(Larinioides cornutus)

Eempolder
29 July 2014

Females (on the photo) reach a body length of about 614 mm, males up to 59 mm. Leg spans range from 1835 mm.
These spiders are most often found in moist areas, especially near water. The web is built between grass or in low shrubbery.
European Garden Spider
Kruisspin (Araneus diadematus)
In my yard, Hilversum
22 August 2013

Also called Cross Spider.
Individual spiders' colouring can range from extremely light yellow to very dark grey.
During mating, the much smaller male will approach the female cautiously. If not careful, he could end up being eaten by her.
Marbled Orb Weaver
Marmerspin
(Araneus marmoreus pyramidatus)
Bovenmeent, Hilversum
24 August 2012

Silver-sided Sector Spider
Venstersectorspin
(Zygiella x-notata)
Loosdrecht
10 September 2011

Females are up to 11mm in size, males up to 7mm.
This spider builds its web mostly into window frames, but can also be found on walls, fences, or under the bark of old trees.
It is very common around boats and docks throughout the world. Hence, I found this one near my boat house.

Lace Webbed Spider sp.
Kaardespin sp. (Amaurobius sp.)
In my yard, Hilversum
3 July 2012

Lace webbed spider is a name given to two common species of house spiders of the genus Amaurobius; A. similis and A. fenestralis. They vary in body size from 7 mm to 12 mm, with large, strong legs. An adult A. similis tends to be larger and darker in colouration, and prefers the indoors. They are noctunal.

Red Harvestman
Rode Hooiwagen
(Opilio canestrinii)

Maarsseveen
9 September 2011

Fencepost Jumper
Schorsmarpissa
(Marpissa muscosa)
At my boat house, Loosdrecht
8 September 2013

Females reach about 811 mm length, males only 68 mm.
The spider occurs mostly under loose bark on trees but also on fence posts, hence its English name.
Females are distinguished from the males by their orange coloured stripe under their front eyes.

Common Spitting Spider
Getijgerde Lijmspuiter
(Scytodes thoracica)

In my house, Hilversum
18 December 2013

Scytodes thoracica is a spitting spider because it spits a poisonous sticky silken substance over its prey.
Scytodes thoracica is nocturnal. It prefers warm temperatures and is not rare inside houses.

Castor Bean Tick
Schapenteek (Ixodes ricinus)
In my Yard, Hilversum
10 May 2013

The Castor Bean Tick or Sheep Tick, is the commonest tick in northern Europe. It is found across Europe and into neighbouring parts of North Africa and the Middle East.
Preferred hosts are deer, foxes, sheep, cattle, dogs, cats and humans.
It may reach a length of 11 mm (size of a bean) when engorged with a blood meal.
Like other Ixodes species, the Castor Bean Tick has no eyes.

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